Finding the right vegan egg substitute for baking can be tricky. You have to know which alternate aligns with what you are baking. So many creative options are available that choosing the right one can be overwhelming. Hang tight; I created a list of my ten favorite vegan egg substitutes. Many substitutes overlap in function, so you might have the other if you are out of one.
Why are eggs important in baking?
Eggs in baking serve three functions, binding, leavening, and moisture. Eggs also provide flavor and texture, making your dessert creamy, moist, or light.
Over the years, bakers have created recipes around all of these functions. However, when it comes to vegan baking, no single substitute can replicate all these qualities. Thus, it's crucial to identify the appropriate egg replacement to match your needs when converting a recipe into a vegan one.
To make it easier, I have created a list of my ten favorite egg substitutes with details about the replacement to help you decide which is best for your recipe.
In addition to vegan baking, I have a library of substitute guides to help with all kinds of kitchen needs, from curry powder substitutes to tamari substitutes. You can also find guides on finding the right knife, Denver's top vegan restaurants, and how to start a blog.
Common vegan egg replacements
About: Unflavored applesauce is my favorite ingredient when I want a moist texture, like cakes and muns. It makes everything perfectly moist, more so than eggs ever did!
Best Use: Applesauce works great with recipes where moisture is critical, such as cakes, brownies, muns, sweet bread, pancakes, and waffles. I recommend using applesauce as a moisture-creating vegan egg substitute for cakes.
Considerations: Always use unsweetened and unflavored applesauce. With that said, applesauce can leave a slight amount of flavor. Consider the flavor when determining if this is the right substitute.
Where to Find It: With the canned fruits.
Replacement Ratio: ¼ cup of unsweetened applesauce = 1 egg
2. Arrowroot Powder
About: Arrowroot powder is a flavorless powder made from the roots of tropical plants. Because of its stretch-like qualities and similarities to corn starch, it is sometimes referred to as arrowroot starch.
Best Use: Thickening agent with custard, fruit fillings, jelly, pies, and pudding.
Considerations: When you think of arrowroot, think of cornstarch. It works great when removed from heat. However, the arrowroot will break down over prolonged heat and be less effective. Like cornstarch, arrowroot must be mixed before adding it to your recipe. If not, it will clump together and not have the desired result.
Where to Find It: Look for Arrowroot, where you find Bob's Red Mill products at your local grocery store.
Replacement Ratio: 2 tablespoons of arrowroot powder mixed with 3 tablespoons of water = one egg.
* Always mix separately before adding to the other ingredients.
About: Aquafaba is the chickpea brine (liquid) in canned chickpeas. Aquafaba was only discovered in 2014 by French chef Joel Roessel. This simple bean water, usually discarded, has become a game changer in vegan baking. Other legumes also have aquafaba, but not with as great of results as chickpeas.
Best Use: Aquafaba is a versatile egg replacer in almost any vegan baking recipe. They are the best substitute for egg whites in making vegan macarons, meringues, and angel food cakes.
Aquafaba also works excellent as a vegan egg substitute for cookies. I used aquafaba when I made these vegan peanut butter chocolate chip cookies.
Considerations: There might be a slight bean flavor. The lighter the food, such as an angel cake, might be more noticeable. In most cases, the bean flavor is undetectable. Also, one can of chickpeas has about ½ cup, or 8 tablespoons, of aquafaba in it.
Where to Find It: In the canned bean section of your local grocery store. You must open a can of chickpeas/garbanzo beans and use a mesh strainer to separate the liquid from the beans.
Replacement Ratio: 3 tablespoons of aquafaba = 1 egg
About: Banana works similarly to applesauce; it adds moisture and sweetness to baked goods. Ripe bananas work best, but you can also use just past-ripe bananas.
Best Use: Cakes, sweet bread, pancakes, and of course, vegan banana bread.
Considerations: Bananas have a distinctive and sometimes strong flavor. This can work to your advantage or against it. Consider the overall flavor you are trying to achieve to determine if banana is the right egg replacer for your recipe.
Where to Find It: In any produce section at your local grocery store.
Replacement Ratio: ¼ cup of mashed banana = 1 egg
5. Chia Seeds
About: Thanks to their gel-like texture, ground chia seeds are an excellent choice for binding or thickening in vegan baking.
Best Use: Cakes, muns, and bread
Considerations: Chia seeds are usually sold in a dark color, which can change the color of your baked good. If you are baking something light in color, consider buying white chia seeds or another replacer. In addition a slightly nutty and earthy flavor, less nutty than axseed, but it is still there.
Where to Find Them: Chia seeds are popular and often stocked in most grocery stores. Because of their versatility, finding them can be a bit of hide and seek. Possible locations include rice, natural foods, baking, and vitamin sections.
Replacement Ratio: 1 teaspoon of chia seeds + 3 teaspoons of water = 1 egg.
Instructions: Mix the seeds and water together and wait until a gelatinous texture forms.
About: Flaxseed and ax meal are both derived from the same source. Flaxseed is the whole seed, while fax meal is ground axseed. When mixed with water, axseed has a gel consistency similar to chia seeds.
Best Use: Muns, bread, and cookies
Considerations: Flaxseed has a mild nutty flavor, which could complement or detract from your overall result. Consider this when determining if it is the best egg substitute for your recipe.
Where to Find It: Look for ground axseed in the grain section of your store, where you would typically find Bob's Red Mill products.
Replacement Ratio: 1 teaspoon of ground ax seed + 3 teaspoons of water.
Instructions: Mix the seeds and water together and wait until a gel-like substance forms. This is the same as a flax egg.
7. Packaged Egg Replacer
About: Packaged egg replacer is made from potato starch, tapioca starch, leavening, and other ingredients. The pro is they are designed to be an egg substitute; the con is that some have processed ingredients.
Best Use: Of all the replacements on the list, this is the most versatile and can be used with every type of vegan baking.
Considerations: None; this option is great due to its versatility and neutral flavor.
Where to Find It: Look for it in the baking aisle of your local store. There are several brands on the market. I recommend using the Bob's Red Mill brand.
Adjustment: Follow the package instructions.
8. Silken Tofu
About: Silken tofu creates a soft and creamy texture that can be blended into a smooth puree.
Best Use: Cheesecakes, custards, pies, and puddings.
Considerations: Tofu comes in many different levels of firmness. For vegan baking, specifically, use silken tofu. Firm tofu is very different and will ruin your recipe. Also, the tofu flavor/scent can be noticeable. Everyone says tofu has no favor, but that has been my experience.
Where to Find It: In the vegan refrigerated section at your local grocery store.
Replacement Ratio: One-quarter cup silken tofu = one egg.
9. Vegan Yogurt
About: Vegan yogurt is a good choice to add moisture and possibly a bit of tanginess to your vegan baking.
Best Use: Cakes, muns, bread.
Considerations: Only use plain unflavored, and unsweetened dairy-free yogurt. The most common base of vegan yogurt is either cashew or coconut. Both can add or detract from the overall flavor, so selecting the one you think will work best is best. Where to Find It: In the yogurt section at your grocery store for "dairy-free yogurt."
Where to Find It: In the yogurt section at your grocery store.
Adjustment: ¼ cup of dairy-free yogurt =one egg
10. Vinegar and Baking Powder
About: You can use white distilled vinegar or apple cider vinegar for this replacement. A chemical reaction produces carbon dioxide gas, which helps baked goods rise.
The dioxide creates air, which is a good egg alternative when you want light and airy baked goods.
Best Use: Cakes, cupcakes, and pancakes.
Considerations: The vinegar and baking powder mixture can help baked goods rise and become fluffy, but it may not work well in recipes that require a lot of structure, such as bread.
Where to Find It: In the baking section of your grocery store.
Replacement Ratio: Mix 1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar with 1 teaspoon baking powder = 1 egg.
At A Glance Reference Table
|Egg Substitute||Quantity (the equivalent of 1 egg)||Best for Baked Goods|
|Applesauce||¼ cup||Cakes, muffins, quick breads|
|Aquafaba||3 tablespoons||Meringues, macarons, cakes, cookies|
|Arrowroot powder||2 tablespoons + 3 tablespoons water||Cakes, cookies, pancakes|
|Chia seeds||1 tablespoons + 3 tablespoons water||Cakes, muffins, breads|
|Commercial egg replacer||Follow package instructions||Cakes, cookies, breads|
|Flaxseed meal||1 tablespoons + 3 tablespoons water||Breads, muffins, cookies|
|Mashed banana||¼ cup||Cakes, muffins, quick breads|
|Silken tofu||¼ cup||Cakes, custards, pies|
|Vegan yogurt||¼ cup||Cakes, muffins, breads|
|Vinegar and baking powder||1 tablespoon vinegar + 1 teaspoon baking powder||Cakes, cupcakes, pancakes|
Check out some of my other Substition guides
I hope this top ten list helps you with your next vegan bake. If you have any questions, send me a comment below or email me directly at firstname.lastname@example.org